A nebulizer is an inhaler, but the treatment with it is more effective and safer in comparison with conventional inhalation. This device transforms the medicinal solution into a certain mist containing small particles of this solution. These particles easily penetrate through the respiratory tract into the lungs. At the same time, various nozzles are used to make sizes of these very particles different. It allows this “fog” to penetrate either not deeply (for example, for the treatment of rhinitis or bronchi), or to the most remote areas of the lungs (for the treatment of severe lung diseases).
Advantages of a nebulizer treatment
Nebulizer treatment has several advantages over other types of inhalation therapy:
- it can be used at any age. The patient is not required to adjust breathing and at the same time perform some actions, for example, press the can, hold the inhaler, etc., which is especially important in young children.
- no need to perform a strong breath. It allows using nebulizer treatment in cases of severe asthma attacks, as well as in patients in old age.
- nebulizer therapy allows the use of drugs in effective doses in the absence of side effects.
- this therapy provides a continuous and quick supply of medication using a compressor.
- it is the safest method of inhalation therapy since it does not use propellants, as in dosing aerosol inhalers.
This is a modern and comfortable method of treating bronchopulmonary diseases in children and adults.
Nebulizer treatment for infants, possible or not?
A nebulizer treatment is used for infants, according to neonatologists who specialize in the health of children in their early days. Newborns have a number of diseases of the respiratory system when fast and deep drug delivery is mandatory for their health conditions. One of these diseases is respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn, caused by a lack of surfactant. It is a substance that contributes to the smoothing of the lungs immediately after birth. Using a nebulizer, you can quickly deliver surfactant drugs to the most remote parts of the respiratory tract. After that, the device can be used as an oxygen supplier. It helps restore the functions of all organs and systems of the newborn.
Nebulizer for newborns
A nebulizer treatment is prescribed not only for respiratory distress syndrome, but also for bronchitis, pneumonia, and cold. In the first month of life, these diseases are not uncommon, especially if the child was born prematurely or his mother smoked during pregnancy. Nebulizer for newborns suffering from a cold and cough is used with an inhalation mask. Such a tool will allow you to easily deliver the required dose of medication to the respiratory tract.
The nebulizer for children is a highly effective method of treatment of respiratory system diseases. This device is easy to use, so it can be safely used at home. Inhalation with the help of this device can be carried out with almost all medications. It is suitable for treating the whole family. This device is especially valuable during the period of respiratory diseases and flu epidemics.
Unfortunately, a nebulizer inhalation has its own contraindications. Nebulizer in children’s practice is not recommended for use with:
- temperature above 37.5 °C;
- vascular weakness in the nasal passages;
- cardiac diseases (congenital malformations, cardiac failure, arrhythmias);
- pulmonary insufficiency in terminal stages;
- severe pneumonia.
What are breathing treatments used for?
- The drug sprayed with an inhaler begins acting almost immediately. It allows using nebulizers, primarily for the treatment of diseases requiring urgent intervention – asthma, allergies.
- Another group of diseases includes chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract, such as chronic rhinitis, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, chronic bronchial obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, etc.
- This device is suitable for the treatment of acute respiratory diseases such as laryngitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis, fungal lesions of the upper respiratory tract, the immune system disorders.
- Inhalers help for occupational diseases of singers, teachers, miners, chemists.
When to use a nebulizer treatment at home?
- In a family where a child grows up, prone to frequent colds, bronchitis (including those that occur with the bronchial obstructive syndrome), for complex treatment of cough with the difficult secretion of sputum, treatment of stenosis.
- Families with patients with chronic or often recurrent bronchopulmonary diseases (bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis).
How often can you take a nebulizer treatment?
The frequency of inhalations’ sessions usually depends on disease severity. If this is a mild pathology, then 2 times a day will be enough to bring the effect. More severe cases involve the use of an inhaler every 4-6 hours.
Steam inhalation involves a therapeutic effect on the respiratory tract. You can quickly remove the laryngeal edema. This breathing treatment is very useful, but the duration cannot be long-lasting because you can get a thermal burn. The procedure is carried out 2 times a day.
If it is intended to overcome coughing, it will be effective to breathe using essential oils (eucalyptus, sea buckthorn, kalanchoe, conifers) or saline. The duration of inhalation is 15 minutes, the frequency is 2 times a day. The course lasts for 5-10 days.